Regulated Building Materials Overview

RBMs may also be referred to as ‘hazardous building materials (HBMs)’ or simply ‘hazmat’.  However, they do not fall under the current federal regulatory definition of ‘hazardous waste’.  Therefore, they are not technically ‘hazardous waste’ or ‘hazardous materials’ in that sense, but they are still toxic and hazardous to humans and/or the environment and therefore regulated at the federal, state, and/or local municipal levels.  The most common types of RBMs or hazardous building materials include:

  • Asbestos-Containing Materials (ACM)
  • Lead-in-Paint and other Heavy Metals (Cadmium, Chromium, Mercury, etc.)
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
  • Universal Wastes (Batteries, Pesticides, Mercury-Containing Equipment, Lamps, and Aerosol Cans [propellants])
  • Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) (e.g. refrigerants and fire extinguishers/chemical suppression systems)
  • Radioactive Sources (e.g. x-ray equipment, self-illuminating signs, smoke detectors)
  • Oils and oil-containing equipment which oil may contain RCRA metals, total halogens, and PCBs (e.g. engines, motors, machinery, hydraulic devices)
  • Electronic Wastes (eWastes) which include essentially any equipment or building components with electrical components.